A-Z of Genealogy – All about the S’s

This week it’s all about words and phrases found in genealogy, family and house history research beginning with the letter S.

s solidus- shilling

sciant presentes et futuri – know (all men) at present and in future

scilt / scilicet – that is to say…

SCRIVENER – A clerk who wrote or opied legal documents

SCUTAGE – Annual payment of money to a feudal LORD to provide a military force in support of the crown

secundum consuetudinem manerii – according to the custom of the manor

seisina/ae – possession

seisin – possession of land or other property

semper – always

senescallus/i – steward

senex – man of old age

sepe – often

sepultat – buried

sepultatus errant/est – buried

SERF – an unfree labourer who was tied to working on their lord’s estate under the the feudal system

servicium/i – service(s)

sibi et heredibus suis – to him/her and his/her heirs

sicut – just as

sive plus sive – minus more or less

SOKEMEN – free tenants subject to the jurisdiction of the MANOR but owing little or no service to its LORD.

solus/sola – single

solvo/ere – to pay

SPECIALITY/SPESHALTY – legal term meaning “deed under seal” or “sealed contract”

SPUR WAY – horse-way through a man’s land along wich one could right by right of custom i.e. a bridleway

STANG/STONG – Rood of land

STEWARD – chief officer of a manor

STONEMAN – Waywarden – parochial officer responsible for the maintenance of highways

summa totalis – sum of the total

suit of court – attendance at the manor court

suit service – service rendered by attendance at the manor court

surrender – ceremony by which an existing tenant gave up a customary holding; usually followed by an admission

sursumreddo/idi – surrender

sursum reddit – he/she surrenders (gives the property up)

Survey – a written description of the boundaries of a Manor and the fields and properties within the Manor. It is not a map.

SYKE – area of common meadow, often damp

I would love to hear what obscure words and phrases you have found in your research – sarah@spfhhistory.co.uk

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