A-Z of Genealogy – All about the E’s

This week it’s all about words and phrases found in genealogy, family and house history research beginning with the letter E.

ECCLESIASTICAL COURT – heard matters relating to wills, defamation, divorce, failure to attend church, drukeness and undesireable behaviour before 1853

EDITUS – proclaimed, enacted

EIUS – his, her, its,; of him, her, it, this

EIUSDEM – of the same

EIUSDEM DIE – of the same day

EIUSDEM PERTINEN – belonging to the same

ENCLOSURE – conversion of open fields, common or waste land into enclosed areas of land

ENFEOFFMENT – a grant of land, forming a FIEF or HONOR according to its size by a LORD to his VASSAL to be held in return for FEUDAL SERVICE.

ENFRANSHISE – convert copyhold land into freehold tenure

ENTAIL – until 1833 real property could be “entailed” specifying how property would be inherited restricting it to particualr heirs

ENTRY FINE – a payment due when a new customary tenant entered land

EORUM – of them (m.)

EORUNDEM – of the same (m. plural)

EPISCOPAL – of a Bishop

EQUES – Knight

EQUITY (LAW OF) – the body of law which developed in the English Court of Chancery to provide a remedy for situations where the law is not flexible enough for the usual court system to deliver a fair resolution to a case

ESCHEAT – Reversion of land held in fee simple to the lord, typically when a tenant died without an heir, had committed an offence (i.e., a felony) which incurred forfeiture of his estate, or sometimes where the heir was a minor

ESPOUSAL – archaic word for marriage or engagement

ESSION – payment made in lieu of attending court in person

ESTRAY – domestic animals or swan whose owneer is unknown and which stayed onto another persons property becoming the temporary property of the Lord of the Manor

ESTREAT – collective term for fines and amercements imposed in the manorial court

ETAS – age

ETIAM – also, even, furthermore

EXAMINATION – sworn statement made before one or more magistrates as to a persons settlement, with a veiw to removing them from the parish

EXCHEQUER (COURT OF) – Court introduced in the time of Henry II originally to deal with matter of royal revenue but later dealt with many other kinds of business

EX NUNC – hereafter

EX TUNC – thereafter

EXTENT – Summary valuation of the manor and tenancies, including land, buildings, services and other income

I would love to hear what obscure words and phrases you have found in your research – sarah@spfhhistory.co.uk

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